In establishing the following editorial norms, I have used both readability and fidelity to manuscript as guiding principles. I have derived my editorial norms from the pioneering efforts of Günter Hotus in his edition of the Franco-Italian Bataille d'Aliscans, which is frequently cited as a model for modern critical editions of Franco-Italian works. The editorial norms established by Holtus were taken up subsequently by Beretta, De Ninni and Morgan; I refer to the editorial guidelines in these texts to help address the idiosyncrasies of the Padua Huon manuscript. In any case, it should be kept in mind that because of the nature of Franco-Italian texts, a general system of editorial norms is impossible and each critical edition must establish variant norms to address linguistic characteristics specific to the manuscript under examination. Furthermore, the guidelines discussed by the École des chartes in its publication Conseils pour l'édition des textes médiévaux, and other frequently cited rubrics for the textual emendation of medieval texts, are in many ways unable to account for the mixed linguistic idiom of Franco-Italian.
In my edition of the Padua Huon d'Auvergne, any deviation from the scribe's text is indicated in footnotes, and it is always possible to retrace the manuscript's original reading. I only emend the text when scribal error impedes readability or when lines are omitted (v. 1063 (=1060); v. 1268 (=1267); v. 1494 (=1493)). I indicate in footnotes other editors' solutions to difficult readings and passages that I interpret differently. I indicate once all variant editorial norms used by previous editors (eg. Holtus uses an accent grave on nì, whereas I do not). Finally, footnotes include all other non-textual codicological features that may be of interest to scholars, including catchwords, spaces left for illuminations, tears, and rubrication. In future iterations of this digital edition, codicological information will be accessible in interactive form using high-resolution scans of all four extant Franco-Italian witnesses (B, T, P, Br).
I resolve all abbreviations in the Padua edition, and I note all irregularities in the table below. The abbreviation system of P is complex and often inconsistent (pro, for example, is abbreviated in two different ways); however, all forms are accounted for, and I note below if they occur only once.
|et (v. 5506)|
(titulus, long line above vowel)
|The scribe uses the titulus to abbreviate a nasal n or m with a line over the preceding vowel: in, Sanguyn, chun, conplimant, inpemsso (v. 523); n retained even before labials (p, b), as per scribe m hom (v. 426), amigo (v. 755), com (v. 4366); occurs once to abbreviate me, as in belameent (v. 386).|
|çuro (v. 485), merçie (v. 3914), derupo (v. 4058)|
|Ͻ||contra (v. 604), conpagnon (v. 849), n retained even before labials (p, b) as per scribe (see introduction).|
|b with curl from top of bow||benis (v. 4381); occurs once|
|.c.to||cento (v. 1311)|
|ch with strike through h||che (v. 2119)|
|chr||chavalier (v. 271); this abbreviation is most frequent variant, occuring 15 times.|
|chri||chavalieri (v. 354)|
|chre||chavaliere (v. 743)|
|dūlo||duolo (v. 1509); occurs once|
|.G.||Guielmo; occurs 25 times.|
|iehu; ihu||Jexu, Jexhu; Jexhn the form Jexhu occurs four times, with the variant Jexhun / Jexhum occuring twice. I resolve all instances of the abbreviation iehu / ihu as Jexhu.|
|ml with strike through l||molto (v. 5008); occurs once|
|nint with titulus||nient (v. 4320); occurs once and likely a scribal correction.|
|ᵱ||per (v. 19); parlé (v. 428); parli (v. 1390); profon (v. 4893)|
|ᵱch with strike through h||perche (v. 426); abbreviation occurs only once.|
|p with titulus||pre (v. 3498)|
|pi||pri (v. 2926)|
|pl with strike through l||pulçele (v. 4300)|
|q with titulus||que (v. 1090)|
|qu with titulus||qua (v. 5205)|
(long s with strike; sometimes with a small “z” shape, v. 1354)
|San with titulus||Sanguin (v. 729); Sanguin occurs 70 times, whereas Sanguyn occurs 14 times; I resolve all abbreviations as Sanguin.|
|scā; scē||sancta (v. 3993); sancte (v. 5232)|
|spo with ondulating titulus||spirito|
|.u.||Ugo (v. 725)|
|ugō||Ugon (v. 76)|
|un with titulus||unde (v. 5002)|
|urō||vostro (v. 5003)|
|xpo with titulus||Cristo (v. 1483); The scribe writes Cristo in full form on three occasions, once as Crist. I resolve all related abbreviations as Cristo.|
|xpet with tituli over p and e||Cristient (v. 4739)|
|xpiente||Cristienté (v. 1248); Cristienttade (v. 5366)|
Following the praxis established by Holtus in his edition of Aliscans, I use the accute (é), grave (è), and umlaut (ë) accents to aid the reader in differentiating verb tense and homophones. The cedilla (ç) is a characteristic grapheme in Franco-Italian texts, and it is the only diacritical mark the scribe employs. For each example below, I provide the first occurance in the manuscript, noting other occurances of particular linguistic interest.
As in modern usage, the cedilla (ç) represents the dental [s] before the vowels a, o, and u (perçò v. 1). The scribe often forgets to add the cedilla or adds it when it is not necessary (çasçun, v. 3962); I do not correct these errors and instead add a footnote when it may confuse the reader.
When possible, the accute accent (é) follows modern usage. The accute accent occurs only on the vowel e to indicate:
The grave accent (è) occurs only on the vowel e to indicate:
As in Laisse 21, I do not put accents on past participles (line endings, desendu, etc.) because these are French forms. In written linguistic analysis, comment on parallel editorial standards, one for French and one for Italian, which this text necessitates.
The scribe has introduced many emendations to the text, all of which are in parenthesis ( ). I have emended the text as sparingly as possible, and I always preserve original spellings for linguistic accuracy. In the few passages in which meaning would otherwise be compromised, my emendation occurs in square brackets [ ], and I always indicate the original reading in the footnotes. In his edition of the Franco-Italian Bataille d'Aliscans, Gunter Holtus sets out four circumstances for editorial intervention:
Given the irregularity of many passages within the text, I limit myself to these four categories established by Holtus in editing Franco-Italian texts. The nature of Franco-Italian calls for an alternate approach to emendation. In this text, the most often occurring errors are 1. a missing titulus (which accounts for …% of errors); a missing tonic vowel, usually e or o (…); and…